The United States Secretary of State, Mike Pompeo has condemned these actions and has said that Beijing is now seeking to turn the governance of Hong Kong from “One country, Two systems”, to “One country, One system.” The legislation came into force on Tuesday but the full text was only revealed hours afterwards. It was brought in by Beijing following increasing unrest and a widening pro-democracy movement.
Critics say the new law effectively curtails protest and undermines Hong Kong’s freedoms.
China was handed back Hong Kong from British control in 1997, however under an agreement made in order to protect autonomy and freedom.
The freedoms of which those in mainland China don’t seem to enjoy, such as freedom of speech.
Hong Kong’s leader, Carrie Lam, defended the law, saying it filled a “gaping hole” in national security.
Details have been closely guarded and the Beijing-backed politician admitted she had not seen the draft before commenting.
An opposition legislator who goes by the name of Ted Hui said: Our rights are (being) taken away; our freedom is gone; our rule of law, our judicial independence is gone.”
The UK, EU and Nato have all expressed concern and anger, while pro-democracy groups have started to disband amid fears of immediate reprisals.
READ MORE:China warned over ‘severe consequences’ for Hong Kong security laws
The United States has already been retaliating against the CCP by imposing visa restrictions on its officials who have been responsible for undermining Hong Kong’s autonomy.
Furthermore, in Mike Pompeo’s statement they announce that they are ending defense and dual-use technology exports to the territory.
Mr Pompeo finishes off his address by stating: “The United States will continue to stand with the freedom-loving people of Hong Kong and respond to Beijing’s attacks on freedom of speech, the press and assembly, as well as the rule of law, all of which, until now, allowed the territory to flourish.”
“Today marks a sad day for the people of Hong Kong, and for the freedom-loving people across China.”
In terms of what we know about the law, crimes of secession, subversion, terrorism and collusion with foreign forces are punishable by a minimum sentence of three years, with the maximum being life.
Under article 29, any incitement of hatred towards China’s Central government or Hong Kong’s regional government are now offences.
Beijing will establish a new security office in Hong Kong, with its own law enforcement personnel – neither of which would come under the local authority’s jurisdiction.
And not forgetting the management of foreign non-governmental organisations and news agencies will be strengthened, in an effort to control the press.