Back in June, China and India deployed troops to the disputed Galwan Valley, in Ladakh. The clash saw fatalities on both sides marking the first bloody altercation between the nations in 45 years.
At least 20 Indian soldiers were killed, while around 35 Chinese troops died, including one senior officer.
According to news reports at time, all of the casualties were from the use of batons, knives and falls from the steep land.
The clash came after India’s external affairs ministry accused China of breaching agreements of the Line of Actual Control [LAC] in the Galwan Valley.
The ongoing border disputes between the two countries escalated after India accused China of sending thousands of troops into Ladakh’s Galwan valley.
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Tensions rise following clash in Galwan Valley
In the same month as the bloody clash, Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi spoke with US President Donald Trump on the “situation on the India-China border”.
Mr Trump offered to mediate the feud between the countries but they both rejected the offer and claimed the situation is under control.
Now, tensions have risen again after China releases a terrifying video of troops training for battle near the border.
The footage shows a brigade conducting combat exercises in the highlands that meet India.
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At the end of August, China blamed the border dispute on Indian forces who “violated” the Line of Actual Control.
Ji Kong, the Chinese embassy in India spokesperson, said: “The Indian side’s actions seriously violated China’s territorial sovereignty, seriously violated the relevant agreements and important consensus of the two countries, and severely damaged the peace and tranquilly of the border area.
“This runs counter to the efforts of both sides to promote the relaxation of the situation on the ground for some time.”
Chinese Foreign Ministry spokesperson Hua Chunying urged for New Delhi to take Beijing’s concerns seriously over the border issue.
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She said: “We hope that India will take China’s concerns seriously and take concrete actions to ensure the peace and tranquillity of the border areas and the sound development of China-India relations.”
The Indian Ministry of External Affairs spokesperson Shri Anurag Srivastava said the two countries were regularly engaged in diplomatic talks.
But argued it was China who were the aggressors in the region, not Indian.
He said: “Due to the timely defensive action, the Indian side was able to prevent these attempts to unilaterally alter the status quo.
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“The actions and behaviour of the Chinese side since earlier this year along the LAC has been in clear violation of the bilateral agreements and protocols concluded between the two countries to ensure peace and tranquility on the border.”
Although arguing it was Beijing causing the border issues, Mr Srivastava emphasised the importance of diplomacy in resolving the dispute.
He said: “We expect the Chinese side to sincerely abide by the understanding reached earlier and earnestly work with India to resolve the situation and to restore peace and tranquillity in the border areas.”
US blame China for ongoing disputes in the region
The ongoing border disputes have caught the attention of Washington.
The US believes China is “likely responsibly for responding to conflict with India and terrorist and insurgent threats to and within western China”.
Deputy Secretary of State Stephen Biegun said: “Our strategy is to push back against China in virtually every domain.
“We’re doing it in the security area. We’re doing it in terms of outsized demands to claim sovereign territory, whether it’s in the Galwan Valley of India on the India-Chinese border, or whether it’s in the South Pacific.”