Both countries deployed troops to the disputed border in recent weeks and the latest clash on Monday, which saw fatalities on both sides, marks the first bloody altercation between the two countries in 45 years. At least 20 Indians soldiers were killed during the conflict.
According to US News website, both sides had agreed to disarm as they confronted each other in the highly dispute mountainous region in order to determine how they would both withdraw their military from the area.
As the meeting grew tense, fights broke out between the two military groups.
All of the casualties were from the use of batons, knives and falls on the steep land.
Following the confrontation, protests have erupted across several cities in India.
Indian protesters burn effigies of Chinese President Xi Jinping
20 Indians soldiers killed during bloody conflict in the Galwan Valley
Effigies of China’s President Xi Jinping as well as the China flag and Chinese products were burnt as they call for retaliation.
According to NDTV, Ranjit Singh, the president of the Residents Welfare Association (RWA) of Defence Colony, urged all India citizens to boycott the Communist nation.
He said: “Unarmed officers and solders of the Indian Army were brutally murdered by the Chinese.
“This was total betrayal, nothing but murder.
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Chinese flags and products were burnt in protest
“Unfortunately, we cannot take up guns and bullets but we can break China’s backbone economically.”
The Global Times, a Chinese state-owned publication, lashed out at reports of anti-Chinese demonstration.
It said it would be “extremely dangerous for India to allow anti-China groups to stir public opinion, thus escalating tensions”.
This week, India’s Prime Minister Narendra Modi was ordered to attack China following the deadly conflict.
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The leader of the opposition Congress Party, Rahul Gandhi, criticised Mr Modi for being silent on the matter.
He wrote on Twitter: “Why is the Prime Minister silent? Why is he hiding?
“Enough is enough. We need to know what has happened.
“How dare China kill our soldiers? How dare they take our land?”
The leader of the opposition Congress Party, Rahul Gandhi
Border disputes between the two countries have escalated over recent weeks after India accused China of sending thousands of troops into Ladakh’s Galwan valley, and says China occupies 38,000sq ft of its territory.
It comes after India built a new road in what experts say is the most remote and vulnerable area along the LAC in Ladakh.
India’s decision to ramp up infrastructure appears to have infuriated Beijing.
Although he has not commented on the incident, Mr Modi’s office said he has called for an all party meeting to “discuss the situation in the India-China border areas”.
Images of Xi Jinping were burnt in protest
Mr Modi is already facing criticism over the government’s handling of coronavirus which has killed nearly 12,000.
Disputes between the two countries have risen over recent months.
At the end of May, local reports claimed China’s border forces had been armed with new tanks, drones and helicopters.
Several rounds of talks have been held attempting to resolve the dispute, with no success, over the last three decades.
In 2017 the two counties clashed as China attempted to extend a border road through a disputed plateau.
Only once has outright war been fought between the two: 1962 saw India suffer a devastating defeat to China.