Both countries deployed troops to the disputed border of Galwan Valley, in Ladakh, in recent weeks and the latest clash, which saw fatalities on both sides, marks the first bloody altercation between the two countries in 45 years. The Times of India initially reported at least 20 Indian soldiers had been killed.
According to US News, both sides had agreed to disarm as they confronted each other in the highly dispute mountainous region in order to determine how they would both withdraw their military from the area.
A physical confrontation between troops erupted as the meeting grew tense and fights broke out.
According to news reports, all of the casualties were from the use of batons, knives and falls on the steep land.
China has yet to officially confirm the number of fatalities, but American intelligence believes at least 35 Chinese soldiers died including one senior officer.
China v India border battle death toll
At least 35 soldiers have been killed in conflict
A source which spoke to the Times of India said up to 43 had lost their lives.
This clash comes as India’s external affairs ministry accused China of breaching agreements stuck over the previous week respecting the Line of Actual Control in the Galwan Valley.
The ongoing border disputes between the two countries has escalated over recent weeks after India accused China of sending thousands of troops into Ladakh’s Galwan valley, and says China occupies 38,000sq ft of its territory.
It comes after India built a new road in what experts say is the most remote and vulnerable area along the LAC in Ladakh.
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The border conflict in Galwan Valley escalates
India’s decision to ramp up infrastructure appears to have infuriated Beijing.
Earlier this month, Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi spoke with US President Donald Trump on the “situation on the India-China border”.
Mr Trump offered to mediate the feud between the countries but they both rejected the offer and claimed the situation is under control.
The Global Times claimed the tensions were caused by “arrogance and recklessness of the Indian side”.
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China v India military power
The Chinese state-owned publication also accused Indian officials of believing “their country’s military is more powerful than China’s”.
It wrote: “The US has wooed India with its Indo-Pacific strategy, which adds to the above mentioned misjudgment of some Indian elite.
“New Delhi must be clear that the resources that the US would invest in China-India relations are limited.
“What the US would do is just extend a lever to India, which Washington can exploit to worse India’s ties with China, and make India dedicate itself to serving Washington’s interests.”
Fears of a World War 3 outbreak ignited
Disputes between the two countries have risen over recent weeks and at the end of May, local reports claimed China’s border forces had been armed with new tanks, drones and helicopters.
It was also reported the Chinese military had held high-altitude infiltration exercises in the Tanggula Mountains in Tibet, a highly contested boundary.
Around 5,000 Chinese troops were at the 2,100-mile border, according to Indian media.
Physical blows were also exchanged between Indians and Chinese soldiers on the North Eastern border of Sikkim in May.
Indian troops in Kashmir, India
Over the last three decades, several rounds of talks have been held attempting to resolve the dispute, with no success.
The tensions have stretched back further in time, with 2017 seeing the two counties clash over China attempting to extend a border road through a disputed plateau.
Only once has outright war been fought between the two: 1962 saw India suffer a devastating defeat to China.