Eid al Adha is a festival commemorating Ibrahim’s willingness to sacrifice his son to obey Allah or God’s command. However, his devotion is rewarded, as instead God gave Ibrahim a lamb to sacrifice. In honour of this, Muslims may choose to sacrifice an animal such as a lamb or a cow as part of the festival. Read on to find out more about other Muslim observances during this festive period.
What does Eid Mubarak mean?
Eid Mubarak is an Arabic term that translates to ‘happy festival’ or ‘blessed Eid’.
The term is used by Muslims all over the world to wish each other a happy Eid, and by non-Muslims to their friends celebrating Eid.
Eid Mubarak is pronounced in English like ‘eed mu-buh-ruck’.
What are the observances for Eid al Adha?
Before Eid, Muslims observe the Day of Arafat – the culminating event of the annual Islamic pilgrimage, Hajj, and the most important day of the pilgrimage.
The festival of Eid al Adha is a time for visiting friends and family, as well as exchanging gifts.
Eid al Adha is also a festival for prayer and worship.
Eid al Adha begins with a performance of communal prayer at daybreak on its first day.
There is also Eid Salaah, which is a special series of prayers where Muslims will ask for help, in order to live the way that the Prophet Ibrahim lived.
Food is a significant observance of the festival, as Eid al Adha is often associated with savoury food – sometimes being called “Salty Eid” as a result.
This is because in Islamic scripture, Ibrahim was willing to sacrifice his son in order to obey a command from Allah.
In honour of this, Muslims may sacrifice an animal such as a sheep, goat, camel or a cow during the festival.
After the animal has been slaughtered, many Muslims divide the meat between themselves and immediate family.
The rest is then given to friends and neighbours, and the poor or the needy.
The meat from the sacrificed animal can feature in a variety of festive dishes, with rice meals such as Biryani and Korma proving very popular options in South Asia.
READ MORE: Eid 2019 in pictures: Muslims around the world celebrate Eid al-Adha