Significantly, technology used during the four-year long Indian tiger census was also made available to conservationists: 26,000 cameras were used to take 350,000 photos across 380,000 square kilometres of known tiger habitats, allowing rangers to individually track each tiger and identify poachers.
The Government has taken a harder line on poaching in recent years and those caught on camera are sentenced to seven years in prison.
After initial bureaucratic hurdles, a fund compensating villagers to re-settle in areas away from tigers is up-and-running, while the Government has also introduced stricter laws around tiger tourism. Travellers are no longer allowed to visit breeding sites, which had disturbed newborns and their mothers.
Local governments were also encouraged to implement new policies – for example, nine underpasses were built in Maharashtra state to allow tigers to cross roads safely.
India’s neighbour Nepal also recorded very positive results, with the number of tigers there increasing from 121 in 2010 to 235 today.