John F. Kennedy (JFK) was murdered while riding in the presidential limousine in Dallas, Texas in 1963. The trip was intended to smooth frictions in the Democratic Party between liberals Ralph Yarborough and Don Yarborough and conservative John Connally, but Kennedy was shot once in the back and once in the head en route.
Lee Harvey Oswald, who was working as an order filler at the Texas School Book Depository – a building which the motorcade passed – was arrested for the assassination.
He consistently denied the murder allegations, insisting instead he was a “patsy” and had been framed.
A report to determine the events was ordered by President Lyndon Johnson, dubbed the ‘Warren Commission’, finding that Oswald had acted alone in the assassination of JFK.
The ruling was supported by reams of evidence, often considered controversial, from previous investigations by the FBI and Secret Service.
Despite the eyewitness statements, forensic and ballistic indications, public opinion and emerging theories since, many do not believe the official version of events.
One such theory stems from Oswald’s work with the Fair Play for Cuba Committee.
Oswald was part of the committee’s New Orleans chapter, handing out pamphlets on behalf of the organisation.
During the 2013 documentary, Killing Oswald, historian David Kaiser claimed that Oswald’s work for the committee had in fact been subcontracted by the FBI, as had many subversive political entities in the US at the time.
JUST IN: Pointless: Alexander Armstrong’s horror at JFK answer exposed
Mr Kaiser continued: “I certainly get the feeling looking at the paper record, the FBI knows that this guy Oswald was not someone to worry about as a genuine subversive.
“It is my belief that Oswald staged the whole Fair Play for Cuba Committee episode as part of a Counter Intelligence Program (cointelpro).”
Cointelpro was a series of covert and illegal projects carried out by the FBI, surveilling, infiltrating, discrediting and ultimately disrupting the opposition American political discourse.
Mr Kaiser said: “I don’t think he was working for the FBI directly.
“A lot of cointelpro was subcontracted to the American Legion and various other right-wing groups, including the one Ed Butler worked for, the Information Council of the Americas.”
Oswald went on to debate with Ed Butler on the radio about Cuba’s affairs shortly after he was spotted flyering.
In Mr Kaiser’s eyes, then, Oswald was in some way working on behalf of the FBI to discredit the organisation in which he purported to represent.
In the same documentary, historian Professor Joan Mellen suggested Oswald’s moving to New Orleans was yet another red flag that suggested he was working for the intelligence services.
She said: “When Oswald first arrives in New Orleans, what does he do?
“He goes to 544 Camp Street or 531 Lafayette Street depending on which door you go in.
“He goes into the office of Guy Banister, former special agent in charge of the FBI field office in Chicago now running a detective agency in New Orleans as a CIA operative of high level.
“And, he asked for a job.
“One day, the secretary said to Guy Banister ‘look, there’s your friend Oswald giving out pro-Castro leaflets downstairs’.
“And Guy Banister brushed that aside.
“He said: ‘He’s one of ours’.
“Oswald was doing his best to keep up his cover.
“The CIA had a plan to blame Castro for the assassination and to make Oswald the agent of Fidel Castro.”