The crackdown on emissions and highly polluting cars is turning up a notch in cities around the UK with the introduction of clean air zones.
London was the first city to adopt such a scheme when the Ultra Low Emissions Zone was introduced earlier this year.
Drivers using the zone can be charged £12.50 a day for entering the congestion charge zone which is in succession with the £11.50 CCZ fee. This takes the daily charge to £24 a day.
Other cities such as Birmingham, Leeds and Oxford are expected to adopt similar scheme over the coming months and years.
Another clampdown on emissions has come in the form of an engine idling charge. Certain motorists could be charged £80 for leaving their engine to idle when stationary.
Leaving your engine to idle can see toxic fumes be emitted from your vehicle when it has been left to idle.
Earlier this year it was announced that the Government would consider updating “existing anti-idling guidance for local authorities.”
Around 30 UK councils including London, Reading, Wirral, Norwich, and Nottingham have started handing out fines of between £20 and £80 of idling.
Despite engine idling being a chargeable offence is rarely penalised due to a lack of council enforcement.
Greg Archer from Transport and Environment said the strategy “once again fails to tackle the UK’s biggest source of air pollution, the seven million dirty diesel cars on the UK’s roads.”
“The government needs to use new regulations to force carmakers to clean up the dirty diesels on the road or ban them from city centres,” he added.
The report stated: “We will continue to take forward modernisation of the existing anti-idling guidance for local authorities over the coming months.
“We will engage with local authorities on whether further changes to the legislation are necessary.”
These new fees could be undermined by the lack of council enforcement.
Responding to the Clean Air Strategy, Polly Billington, director of UK100, said: “Local leaders have consistently stated that Clean Air funding committed by government to tackle air pollution is simply inadequate on three fronts.
“Not enough funding for those local authority areas that Government has identified as having the most severe air quality challenges, insufficient funding available for tackling the wider sources of air pollution and limited financial support for national measures.”