Ramadan is one of the most important months in Muslim culture and marks a period of fasting for the Muslim people. The month is defined by an extended period of abstinence, where Muslim practitioners will give up their “sinful” behaviour. Ramadan is one of the five pillars of Islam, and most Muslims are required to participate, bar the young, old and ill. Those who take part fast from sunrise to sunset for one month.
When is Ramadan 2019?
Ramadan falls on Sunday, May 5 and ends on Tuesday 4 June in 2019 when a New Moon is sighted.
Ramadan dates change each year due to the Islamic calendar’s basis on the lunar cycle over the Gregorian calendar’s solar cycle.
The two calendars go by different months and are currently in different years.
This year, the month of Ramadan is 11 days earlier than in 2018, and it will continue to slip back by this many days every year.
In 2018, Ramadan fell from May 17 to June 14, and in 2020 the month will fall from April 24 to May 23.
This means Ramadan will become progressively easier for practising Muslims, as the time from dawn to sunset is reduced.
These dates are not official just yet, however, as Ramadan will only be declared when a moon-sighting committee in Saudi Arabia records a sighting of the New Moon.
What is the meaning of Ramadan?
Ramadan marks the time when the Quran was revealed to the prophet Mohammed.
The day the Qur’an was revealed to Mohammed is called Lailat ul Qadr, and it is said to stand in prayer on this one night is better than 1000 months of worship.
Lailat ul Qadr is thought to fall in the last 10 days of Ramadan, but Muslims will recite as much of the Qur’an as possible during the month.
Ramadan is also said to be when the gates of Heaven are opened and the gates of Hell are closed.
Muslims believe their good actions will bring more reward during this period, as the month is blessed by Allah.
Muslims also believe it is easier to do good during Ramadan, as devils are chained up in Hell.
Abstinence from sin, fasting and self-reflection are all intended to help people become better Muslims while the devils are chained to the underworld.