They include the Pentagon and the presidential retreat in Camp David, Maryland.
The report was broadcast on Sunday evening, days after President Vladimir Putin said Moscow was militarily ready for a “Cuban Missile”-style crisis if the United States wanted one.
Tensions are rising over Russian fears that the US might deploy intermediate-range nuclear missiles in Europe as a Cold War-era arms-control treaty unravels.
Putin has said Russia would be forced to respond by placing hypersonic nuclear missiles on submarines near US waters.
“Our response will be instant”
The US said it has no immediate plans to deploy such missiles in Europe and has dismissed Putin’s warnings as propaganda.
It does not currently have ground-based intermediate-range nuclear missiles that it could place in Europe.
However, its decision to quit the 1987 Intermediate-range Nuclear Forces (INF) Treaty over an alleged Russian violation, something Moscow denies, has freed it to start developing and deploying such missiles.
Vladimir Putin has said Russia does not want a new arms race, but has also dialled up his military rhetoric.
The Pentagon said that Putin’s threats only helped unite NATO.
“Every time Putin issues these bombastic threats and touts his new doomsday devices, he should know he only deepens NATO’s resolve to work together to ensure our collective security,” Eric Pahon, a Pentagon spokesman, said.
Some analysts have seen his approach as a tactic to try to re-engage the US in talks about the strategic balance between the two powers, for which Moscow has long pushed, with mixed results.
In the Sunday evening broadcast, Dmitry Kiselyov, presenter of Russia’s main weekly TV news show Vesti Nedeli, showed a map of the US and identified several targets he said Moscow would want to hit in the event of a nuclear war.
The targets, which Kiselyov described as US presidential or military command centres, also included Fort Ritchie, a military training centre in Maryland closed in 1998.
McClellan, a US Air Force base in California closed in 2001, and Jim Creek, a naval communications base in Washington state, were also pointed out.
Kiselyov, who is close to the Kremlin, said the Tsirkon (Zircon) hypersonic missile that Russia is developing could hit the targets in less than five minutes if launched from Russian submarines.
Hypersonic flight is generally taken to mean travelling through the atmosphere at more than five times the speed of sound.
“For now, we’re not threatening anyone, but if such a deployment takes place, our response will be instant,” he said.
Kiselyov is one of the main conduits of state television’s strongly anti-American tone, once saying Moscow could turn the US into radioactive ash.
Asked to comment on Kiselyov’s report, the Kremlin said on Monday it did not interfere in state TV’s editorial policy.