Type 2 diabetes relates the glucose in the blood and insulin is a hormone that controls the amount of glucose in the body. Insulin helps glucose move from the blood into the body tissues, like the muscle cells when you need a quick form of energy. If the body is not responding to insulin properly, the blood glucose level can become too high. For those with type 2 diabetes, the body stops reacting to insulin properly or it may not produce enough. Bupa said: “Type 2 diabetes is more common among older people, but you can develop it at any age. It’s becoming more common in young adults and children, and is usually linked to being overweight and not very active.”
For a person wanting to lower their blood sugar levels, taking certain supplements have been proven to help the condition and reduce further risk and complications. What are three of the best?
Cinnamon helps regulate blood glucose levels and researchers have suggested that it could help to improve blood glucose levels and increase insulin sensitivity.
In a 2003 study investigating the health benefits of cinnamon, it was suggested that cassia cinnamon improves blood glucose and cholesterol levels in people with type 2 diabetes.
Cinnamon has many health benefits including boosting the immune system, relieving digestion, and is a great source of vital nutrients.
Diabetes.co.uk said on their website: “According to some studies, chromium picolinate can have a significant effect on diabetes.”
In a 2004 study, chromium was investigated and it’s role in insulin resistance.
The study noted: “Chromium is an essential mineral that appears to have a beneficial role in the regulation of insulin action and its effect on carbohydrate, protein and lipid metabolism.”
Richard Anderson, of the US Department of Agriculture said: “Essentially all the studies using chromium picolinate supplementation for impaired glucose intolerance and diabetes showed a positive effect.”
Quercetin has antioxidant and anti-inflammatory effects which might help reduce inflammation, kill cancer cells, control blood sugar, and help prevent heart disease.
Early research suggests that taking quercetin helps lower blood sugar in people with diabetes who are not taking anti diabetes drugs.
A study looked at quercetin’s health benefits and said: “Quercetin helped with intestinal glucose absorption, insulin secretory and insulin sensitising activities as well as improved glucose utilisation in the peripheral tissues.”
It’s important to discuss with your GP before embarking on any new supplements to help with your diabetes condition.
On top of taking supplements, leading a healthy lifestyle and getting regular exercise will also help to lower your blood sugar levels.
Bupa added: “Eat a healthy, balanced diet with regular meals, three times a day. Aim to exercise regularly to get the benefits of exercise. This will help you to stay a healthy weight and reduce your risk of high blood pressure and high blood cholesterol.”