THE UK’s new Prime Minister Boris Johnson has vowed to deliver Brexit within 100 days of him taking up office or crash out of the EU without a deal.
Here’s the latest twists and turns of the negotiations and when the UK might leave the bloc.
When’s Brexit actually happening?
The short answer is that nobody really knows.
Britain was due to leave the EU on March 29, 2019 – exactly two years after the process was legally triggered by Article 50.
But after UK MPs rejected the withdrawal agreement Mrs May had agreed with Brussels three times – EU leaders eventually agreed to a six-month extension to the exit process until October 31, 2019.
However, the country can leave the trading bloc before then if the UK and the EU can ratify an exit deal sooner – with the new PM vowing that this will happen this time around, on or before October 31.
European Council President Donald Tusk said if there was a repeat of the 2016 referendum that Brits would back Remain.
He vowed to press EU leaders to delay our exit yet again beyond October 31 to give enough time for a fresh vote to be held.
May had plans to go back to the Commons in early June to give MPs a fourth chance to vote on her Withdrawal Agreement (WA).
However MPs on all sides have said they will vote down May’s WA when it is brought before the House.
This lead to Mrs May resigning as Prime Minister on May 24 and she stepped down as Tory leader as of June 7.
Now with Boris Johnson as PM, the Tory party is determined to charge ahead with Britain’s exit from the EU.
In his first official Prime Minister’s speech, Johnson promised that Britain will “come out of the EU on October 31 – no ifs or buts.”
What has Boris Johnson said about Brexit?
The new Tory leader said he was “impatient” to get cracking with Brexit and the domestic agenda in the wake of his historic win.
In his first address, he said: “I think we know that we can do [Brexit] and that the people of this country are trusting in us to do it and we know that we will do it.”
Boris said in March that he’d reluctantly back the prime minister’s deal to prevent Parliament from “stealing Brexit”.
Before this, he had resigned from his position as foreign secretary in July 2018 saying May was leading the UK into a “semi-Brexit” with the “status of a colony”.
The new PM was clear that he objected to a “soft Brexit” adding the Brexit “dream is dying, suffocated by needless self-doubt.”
During a visit to Scotland on July 29, 2019, Mr Johnson told Sky News: The backstop is no good. It’s dead. It has got to go. The withdrawal agreement is dead, it’s got to go. But there is scope to do a new deal.”
He added: “My assumption is that we can get a deal, we are aiming for a deal.”
What will happen after Brexit?
A transition period will kick in after a withdrawal agreement is agreed.
This aims to help the UK work out its future relationship with Europe.
Current trading requirements would continue, and the UK would have to abide by EU rules during this time, though they won’t be able to contribute.
UK citizens currently in the EU and EU citizens in the UK have been assured they can carry on living in their respective countries with the same rights enshrined to them.
But our exact relationship with the bloc will depend dramatically on what kind of deal we manage to salvage from Brussels.
The transition period only comes into effect if a withdrawal deal is agreed on.
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Under a No Deal or “cliff-edge” Brexit, the new trading and regulatory rules would come into play overnight, with no ironing-out period at all.
Johnson is prepared to go through with this if a deal cannot be reached before October 31.
The UK is set to be negotiating with Michel Barnier’s deputy Sabine Weyand after she was appointed as EU’s top trade official.
Her promotion means that she will be in charge of the nuts and bolts of negotiating Brussels’ future trade deals, including with the UK.