The two sides fought for eight hours in the Galwan Valley. According to the Sun, Indian soldiers have claimed the enemy was armed with spiked clubs, iron rods and batons wrapped in barbed wire. An Indian officer told News18: “Even unarmed men who fled into the hillsides were hunted down and killed.
“The dead include men who jumped into the Galwan river in a desperate effort to escape.”
Officials have reported Chinese “death squads”.
News18 reported over 100 Indian injuries from the Monday clash.
Reports claim 23 Indians died with 43 total casualties on the Chinese side, but it is unclear how many are injuries and how many are deaths.
The clash began after Indian forces led by Colonel Bikumalla Santosh Babu dismantled a Chinese position.
It is thought Chinese commanders agreed to leave, but fighting broke out as Indians entered.
Colonel Babu was killed in the fighting.
Jamyang Tsering Namgyal, the BJP MP for the area, has said: “We don’t want soldiers of our country lose lives repeatedly.
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The disputed Himalayan border led to the 1962 Sino-Indian war.
Fighting took place in high altitudes.
The war lasted for a month and ended in a Chinese victory.
Smaller clashes have occurred since as both sides kept forward positions.
As this took place in the aftermath of the Sino-Soviet split, India received backing from the USSR with supplies.
In the aftermath of the war, Pakistan, who also have border disputes with India, improved their relations with Beijing.
Islamabad and Beijing have a close military alliance.
China backs Pakistan on the Kashmir dispute.
The two nations also have bilateral trade ties.